HRETDs off-road 4x4 driving techniques training course details
Off-road 4x4
driving techniques
SAQA unit standard: 254135
Field: Services
NQF level:  03 (4 credits)
Maximum learners per group: Ten learners
Novice training duration: One day (theory up to 10 learners), and one day one-on-one practical coaching per learner
Re-certification training duration: One day
HRETDs off-road 4x4 driving techniques training course details
Training programme information summary
Click to download
Off-road 4x4 driving techniques
course outline
Summary of course content .
Accreditation .
Entry requirments .
GlossaryLinksPrivacy policyContact us
Quality in-service training solutions for mining and industry in the SACD region
HRETD offers training in the SADC regions and beyond
PO Box 4252, The Reeds, Centurion 0158
Tel: +27(0)12 661 6721 Cell: +27(0)84 874 8388
Into the future with human resources development and motivation
Training requirments
Fleet logistics and
defensive driver
4x4 defensive driving
AARTO for fleet managers
AARTO for professional drivers
Anti-hijacking techniques
Dangerous goods by road
Diesel locomotive shunting
Economic driving
Expat RSA roads orientation
Gravel roads defensive driving
Heavy vehicle defensive driving - essential skills
Heavy vehicle defensive driving - full skills training
Light delivery vehicles
Lowbed securement
Maintaining customer relations
Motorcycle defensive driving
Professional driver evaluations
Rigid heavy vehicles
Side tipper trucks
Vehicle combinations
Crane operations
Lift trucks
Lifting operations
Earthmoving plant
Construction plant
Construction site safety
Health and safety
Working at heights
ISO standards
Dangerous goods
Tools & powertools
Landscaping tools

HRETD Resource Center
HRETDs pre-trip off-road 4x4 driving checklist
Download HRETD's pre-trip off-road 4x4 driving checklist.
Included in this mutimedia training programme Rugged terrains demand exceptional skills. HRETD's "Off-road 4x4 Driving Techniques" course equips participants with the expertise to navigate challenging off-road conditions safely and efficiently. The course covers essential topics such as vehicle inspection, terrain assessment, and advanced driving strategies, supplemented with progress quizzes, illustrations, and videos showcasing best practices.

Conquer the Unpredictable. This intensive training goes beyond theory, involving hands-on experience that simulates real-world scenarios. Utilizing our multimedia-rich approach, you'll learn to understand your vehicle's capabilities and limitations. Gain the confidence to make critical decisions under pressure, whether it's choosing the right path over rocky hills or manoeuvring through mud and water hazards.

Master Your Environment. The course emphasises not only technical skills but also environmental responsibility. Learn how to minimise your impact on delicate ecosystems while off-roading.

Entry requirements

A currently valid national driver’s license with the appropriate code for the class of vehicle being used for practical coaching and exercises.

Advanced driver training

Each learner will receive

Off-road 4x4 driving techniques training

Freight delivery vehicles

Course content

Introduction to Off-road 4x4 Driving

This foundational module serves as an expansive introduction to the world of 4x4 vehicles. Participants will be educated on the intrinsic engineering characteristics that set 4x4 vehicles apart, including suspension systems, power distribution, and drive capabilities. This knowledge builds the groundwork for understanding the vehicle’s role as an enabler for efficient off-road driving. Discussions will extend to the significance of these features in varied professional and recreational settings, including their utility in construction sites, mining activities, and adventurous excursions.

Vehicle Safety Checks

Focused on inculcating a safety-first approach, this module takes participants through an exhaustive pre-operation inspection regimen. An extended checklist covering elements such as tyre pressure, fluid levels, brake and lighting systems, and potential wear and tear will be provided. Participants will be trained to correlate these inspection points with real-world off-road challenges, understanding, for instance, how tyre pressure adjustments can affect vehicle performance across different terrains, and why monitoring fluid levels is crucial for long-haul off-road drives.

Terrain Analysis and Preparations

In this Module, the primary focus is on terrain analysis and preparations for off-road driving. Participants will be guided through an exhaustive process of identifying the specific characteristics of different terrains, such as muddy trails, sandy dunes, or rocky paths. Recognising the unique challenges posed by each type of terrain is crucial for effective off-road driving. The module will provide hands-on training for determining soil density, evaluating surface roughness, and understanding moisture content, among other variables. This knowledge will empower drivers to make informed choices about vehicle setup, including tyre pressure adjustments and suspension settings, before venturing off-road.

High and Low Range Driving Techniques

The fourth module in the course specifically targets the topic of high and low range driving techniques. Participants will receive an in-depth education on what 'high' and 'low' ranges mean in the context of 4x4 vehicles. The mechanics behind the gearbox settings will be unveiled, including how they manipulate torque and traction. Armed with this knowledge, trainees will learn how to choose the appropriate range based on the terrain and driving conditions they face. For instance, understanding when to use low range for steep inclines or rocky terrains and when to shift to high range for flat or mildly bumpy surfaces. The goal is to instill a deep-rooted understanding of these driving ranges, allowing participants to adapt their techniques in real-time, enhancing both safety and vehicle longevity.

Assessment methods

We conduct a formative theoretical assessment at the beginning of the course to gauge the learner’s initial understanding (novices only). At the end of the training, a summative theoretical and practical application assessment is conducted, to find if the learner is competent; if not, additional developmental areas are identified and suggested.

Contact Us
  Would you like to schedule training or
receive a quotation? Do you have a
question, comment or suggestion?
Email us at or contact
us using the contact form below.

Name and surname

Company name

Contact number

Email address


Your message


TETA accreditedTraining programme accreditation

This training programme is registered and accredited by the Transport Education Training Authority (TETA) in accordance with the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) unit standard 254135: Apply the techniques for operating four wheel drive (4WD) vehicles, in on-road and off-road conditions.

HRETD certification policy

Provided that the entry requirements have been met, and the learner found competent, the candidate will be issued with a certificate of competence. Records are externally moderated quarterly by the Transport Education Training Authority (TETA) for quality and compliance purposes.

HRETD offers training programmes, from short skills courses to train the trainer courses. We specialise in legal compliance training that is accredited with the TETA and CETA when it comes to technical training, operator training, in service training and onsite training. Our assessors and facilitator trainers responsible for assessment, recertification and certification offer effective training that is Cost effective, competitively priced and affordable in the SADC region including Namibia. We also offer course development. For the transport and logistics industry we offer driver training, advanced driver training and Dangerous goods by road training, as well as diesel locomotive shunting and Fuel bowser training. Rigid heavy vehicle, tip truck, vehicle combination and Water cart training are also offered. When it comes to crane operations training, the lifting machines we specialise in are Heavy cranes and Mobile cranes, as well as Mobilifts, Cabin Overhead cranes, Pendant Overhead cranes and Single girder hoists. We also do Telescopic materials handler, sometimes called Telehandlers and Truck mounted cranes, sometimes called HIAB and Tower cranes. We train on a variety of lift trucks and forklift including counterbalanced lift truck, Advanced defined purpose lift trucks, defined purpose lift trucks and Side loader lift trucks. We also do rough terrain lift trucks, Reach trucks and Pedestrian stackers. Besides these, we also train on order pickers, Side loaders, Very narrow aisle lift trucks and Rail mounted stackers. We give a variety of lifting equipment and lifting operations training including Basic rigging, Banksman and Lifting equipment inspection. We also offer Safe lifting practise training. When it comes to earthmoving plant, we do articulated dump trucks, Concrete dumpers, Excavators and Face shovels. Also offered is Front end loaders, Graders and Rigid dump trucks. We specialise in training for Scrapers, Skid steer loaders and TLBs. Other earthmoving training includes Track type dozers, Tractors and Wheeled dozers (bulldozers). Tractor loader backhoe and dumpers are also offered. Our construction plant training courses includes Asphalt pavers, MEWP (also called cherry picker or mobile elevating works platform), rock breaker and jackhammer, rollers (road rollers) and Tyre handler attachments. When it comes to scaffolding training, we give scaffolding erecting and scaffold inspection – basically scaffolding safety which complies with SANS 10085 – 2004. Our health and safety training includes Construction Regulations 2014 overview or in depth, Construction site flagman and Excavation safety inspection. We also do Ladder inspection, Site safety awareness and Working at heights (also referred to as heights safety or fall arrest as well as Accident/incident investigation and Confined space entry. We offer accredited Fire fighting level 1 and Fire fighting level 2, as well as accredited First aid level 1 and First aid level 2 training. Other safety training we offer is General housekeeping, Handling HAZMAT and Health and safety rep (also called SHE rep and SHEQ), permissions training such as Hot work permissions, Lockout and isolation (also called Lockout Tagout training) We cover the OHS in depth and we have an overview course. We provide Stacking and storing and Stacking and storing HAZMAT (Hazardous materials) training. We train in powertools safety (correctly written power tools) such as Angle grinders, Boilermaking techniques (and welding and arc cutting), Cut-off saws and general Workshop safety including hand tools. When it comes to landscaping (both horticulture and agricultural), we offer Brush cutters, Chainsaws and Lawnmower training. John, a construction team supervisor, was keen on implementing quality principles on his construction site. One day, a scaffold erecting and dismantling supervisor named Sarah joined the team. They had a quick meeting on planned task observations, as they aimed to apply quality control meticulously. The supervisory skills John had acquired in his training courses proved effective as he managed the team smoothly. An incident occurred when they started to operate pan compactors and trench compactors. Safety was their top priority, and they had a fire and evacuation marshal named Tim, as well as a fall protection planner named Emily. Both had gone through rigorous task observation training and were adept at safety monitoring. Suddenly, a fall arrest situation happened. A worker named Jack was dangling from the scaffold. Emily, the fall protection planner, initiated the protocols while Tim, the fire and evacuation marshal, cleared the area. Another team member, trained as a fall arrest rescue technician, sprung into action and rescued Jack efficiently. The next day, the management decided to elevate the role of the fire and evacuation marshal and the fall protection planner, to include teaching supervisory skills and management skills to all staff. It was crucial to maintain standards, including those for scaffold erection, soil compaction, and machinery operation. In the end, John felt proud of his team's swift actions and appreciated how every member's training in areas like conflict resolution, construction safety, and task safety played a role in averting a crisis. The management, impressed by the team's performance, decided to engage Sarah, the scaffold supervisor, to oversee scaffold dismantling as well. Sarah had significant scaffolding skills and had completed courses in leadership training and employee supervision. She was an expert at operating heavy machinery, including the trench compactors. John's team was also responsible for off-road 4x4 driving techniques, heavy vehicle defensive driving, and AARTO system regulations. Given the mix of terrains they had to navigate to reach different construction sites, these skills were essential. They even had courses for light delivery vehicles and motorcycle defensive driving for delivery staff. With AARTO system training, they made sure that professional drivers understood the legal obligations and safety requirements, particularly for fleet managers. To address the challenge of securing heavy machinery for transport, they had a specialized training session on lowbed securement best practices. A team member, Mark, was excellent at maintaining customer relations, a skill he acquired through specific training programs. As the team expanded, pre-employment professional driver evaluations were introduced. This helped in assessing the driving skills of new recruits, which was crucial for maintaining construction site safety. Economic driving skills were taught to make the best use of fuel, reducing operational costs. Their training programs also catered to expats, offering RSA roads orientation, anti-hijacking techniques, and risk mitigation. They even included a unique program focusing on defensive driving for gravel roads. The last addition to their training curriculum was a special course on economic driving skills and techniques to help save fuel and reduce emissions. One day, they received a big project that required additional skilled workers. Luckily, John had undergone supervisory training, enabling him to manage even larger teams effectively. The project was a big success, and it was all thanks to their diverse skill set, continuous training, and excellent supervisory skills. The team felt a sense of accomplishment, knowing their comprehensive training—from 4x4 driving techniques to construction equipment operation—made them versatile and effective in their roles.
Other semantic similarities to this page:
professional driving training
advanced truck driving course
driver training courses
defensive driver training
driver training academy
driver trainer course
code 14 diploma training